Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a conditiion in a child that results from alcohol exposure during mother's pregnancy. Sometimes this can result in mental & physical problems in the baby. These can occur because alcohol in the mother's blood passes to her baby through the placenta.
Your baby cannot process alcohol as well as you can, which means it can damage cells in their brain, spinal cord and other parts of their body and can disrupt their development in the womb. These defects are irreversible. There is no amount of alcohol that's known to be safe to consume during pregnancy. If you drink during pregnancy, you place your baby at risk of fetal alcohol syndrome.
Symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome
Physical defects may include:
- Slow physical growth before & after birth
- Vision difficulties or hearing problems
- Deformities in joints, fingers & limbs.
- Small head circumference & brain size
- Heart defects & problems with kidneys & bones
Brain and CNS defects:-
- Intellectual disability, learning disorders & delayed development
- Difficulty with reasoning & problem solving
- Poor memory
- Poor coordination or balance
- Poor judgement skills
- Rapid changing moods
Social & behavioral issues:-
- Difficulty in school
- Poor social skills
- Trouble adapting to change or switching from one task to another
- Problems with behaviour & impulse control
- Difficulty plannning or working toward a goal
When you're pregnant & you drink alcohol:-
- Alcohol enters your bloodstream & reaches your developing fetus by crossing the placenta.
- Alcohol causes higher blood alcohol concentrations in your developing baby than in your body because a fetus metabolizes alcohol slower than an adult does.
- Alcohol than interferes with the delievery of oxygen and optimal nutrition to your developing baby.
- Exposure to alcohol before birth can harm the development of tissues and organs and cause permanent brain damage in your baby.
- Don't drink alcohol if you're trying to get pregnant.
- Continue to avoid alcohol throughout your pregnancy
- Consider giving up alcohol during your childbearig years.
- If you have an alcohol problems, get help before you get pregnant.